FSMA Deadline Approaching: First Qualified Facility Attestation Period Begins October 1, 2018
Very small businesses generally must comply with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) Preventive Controls for Human Food Rule by September 17, 2018. Under this rule, very small businesses are eligible for exemption from some of the Preventive Controls requirements, including the requirement to maintain a written Hazard Analysis and Risk-based Preventive Controls (HARPC) plan and the requirement to maintain a written Supply-Chain Program. To take advantage of these exemptions, businesses must submit their first attestation to FDA by December 17, 2018.
Who Qualifies for the Exemption
Very Small Businesses: Businesses (including all subsidiaries and affiliates collectively) that have averaged less than $1,000,000 (adjusted for inflation) in global sales of food for human consumption plus the market value of unsold food inventory per year during the previous three calendar years
Other Qualified Facilities: Though FDA has stated that it expects most facilities that qualify for the exemption to be very small businesses, other facilities qualify if they possess both of the two following characteristics:
- Over the past three years, they have averaged annual sales of food for human consumption below $500,000 (adjusted for inflation)
- At least half of their food sales over the previous three years have been directly to local consumers, restaurants, or retail establishments that are located in the same state, same Indian reservation, or within 275 miles of the food facility in question
Registrar Corp’s free Qualified Facility Wizard can help you determine whether your facility qualifies for the exemption.
How to Claim Eligibility for an Exemption
In order to claim eligibility for an exemption, a qualified facility must notify FDA of its status by submitting Form FDA 3942a. Using this form, the owner, operator, or agent in charge of a food facility must attest that the facility in question meets the definition of a qualified facility and that the facility is either “addressing identified hazards through preventive controls and monitoring the preventive controls,” or “complying with applicable non-Federal food safety regulations, and notifying consumers of the name and complete business address of the facility where the food was manufactured or processed (FDA.gov).”
When to Claim Eligibility
Qualified facilities that began or will begin processing, packing, or holding food before September 17, 2018 must submit the relevant form by December 17, 2018. Facilities that will begin processing, packing, or holding food on or after September 17, 2018 must submit the relevant form before beginning operations. Facilities must resubmit attestation to FDA every two years during the biennial food facility registration renewal period, which begins on October 1st and ends on December 31st of each even numbered year.
Preventive Controls Compliance for Qualified Facilities
As mentioned above, qualified facilities that attest are exempt from certain requirements of the Preventive Controls rules, but not all of them. Qualified facilities must still:
- Refrain from selling adulterated food
- Adhere to Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMPs)
- Ensure that all individuals who manufacture, process, pack or hold food are trained in the principles of food safety and are qualified to perform their assigned duties
- Maintain detailed records of the food safety training received by workers
A very small business that does not notify FDA of its status as a qualified facility is fully subject to the standard requirements of the Preventive Controls Rule and, generally, must develop and implement a written HARPC Food Safety Plan and Supply-Chain Program by September 17, 2018.
The Preventive Controls Rule compliance deadlines for facilities that do not meet the definition of a very small business have already passed. Thus, many food facilities that have not yet developed and implemented a written HARPC Food Safety Plan and Supply-Chain Program are likely to be in violation of FDA regulations.
Because developing a written HARPC plan is a complex and potentially time consuming endeavor, it is prudent for food businesses that do not meet the definition of a qualified facility or do not intend to notify FDA of their status as a qualified facility to begin developing their plans as soon as possible. It may also be prudent for businesses to seek assistance from professionals with specialized training in FDA regulatory compliance in order to ensure that their plans meet regulatory requirements.
Assistance with Attestation and Food Safety Plans
Registrar Corp’s Food Safety Specialists are Preventive Controls Qualified Individuals (PCQIs) and can develop or review a facility’s HARPC plan for FDA compliance. Registrar Corp’s Specialists can also provide guidance on qualified facility attestation to firms that designate Registrar Corp to manage their FDA registration or act as their U.S. Agent for FDA Communications. For more information, call +1-757-224-0177 or chat with a Regulatory Advisor 24 hours a day at www.registrarcorp.com/livehelp.